China on Monday relaxed its two-child policy to allow couples have up to three children, a shift aimed at tackling an aging society.
According to state media outlet Xinhua, President Xi Jinping approved the change in a meeting with its decision making body.
It comes after a once-in-a-decade census showed that China’s population grew at its slowest pace in decades, which added pressure on Beijing to boost measures for couples to have more babies and avert a population decline.
China’s census, released earlier this month, showed that around 12 million babies were born last year – a significant decrease from the 18 million in 2016, and the lowest number of births recorded since the 1960s.
The country has 34.9 million more men than women, making up just over 51.24 percent of the population.